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Protection Plus  Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Quick Reference Manual for Pest Treatment

Table of Contents

Spider Mites ———————————————– Page 1
Thrips ——————————————————- Page 2
Aphids (Leaf) ——————————————— Page 3
Aphids (Root) ——————————————— Page 4
Gnats ——————————————————– Page 5
Russet Mites ———————————————– Page 6
Whitefly —————————————————- Page 7
Powdery Mildew —————————————– Page 8
Outdoor Soil Applications (Garden) —————- Page 9
Outdoor Soil Applications (Field n Farm) ——– Page 10
Outdoor Leaf Applications (Garden) ————— Page 11
Outdoor Leaf Applications (Field) —————— Page 12
Hydroponic Systems Reduce Slime & Biofilm — Page 13
Hydroponic Systems Insects in Media ————- Page 14
Use in Fertilizer Tea Brewing ———————— Page 15
Application to Buds and Blooms ——————– Page 16
% of Insect Kill on 1st Application ——————- Page 17
Predatory Insects —————————————- Page 18
Application Before Entry —————————— Page 19
Safety ——————————————————– Page 20
Mixing and Application Period ———————– Page 21
Wetting Agents ——————————————– Page 22
Lighting and Application ——————————- Page 23
Odor Control ———————————————– Page 24
Pets  ———————————————————- Page 25
Plant Growth ———————————————– Page 26
Rinsing Off Plants —————————————- Page 27

Flushing Minerals from Soil—————————

Protection Plus Formulation Quality Control—–

Page 28

Page 29

IPM Integrated Pest Management——————– Page 30
Scorpions—————————————————- Page 31
Spiders——————————————————– Page 32

Spider Mites, how to get rid of them

The Spider Mite life cycle starts on the leaf and ends on the leaf however some may use the soil to access the plant stem. When temperatures exceed 75 degrees F, Spider mites can go from hatch to adult in 3-4 days. It is extremely important to get control of the crop as soon as possible. Eggs can be seen with a microscope but often are misidentified as trichomes. Generally speaking, the Spider Mite egg is slightly larger than the trichome with a more rounded appearance with some species showing a black dot or dots. Eggs will turn from clear to opaque to orange after treatment signifying their transition from healthy to death.

Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

  1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ¼ inch down to where the insects may be crawling.
  2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers, breeders, and eggs making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants in the greenhouse.
  3. Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business.
  4. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
  5. Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
  6. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
  7. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

 —————————————– Page 1 ———————————-

Thrips, how to get rid of them

Thrips are very hard to kill for a few reasons that we should go over. Thrips crawl and fly, and when they start to fly, you will find them on objects all over the room. Their life cycle starts in the soil so you will need to treat the soil to kill the eggs, larvae, and adults living there. Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

  1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ½ inch down to where the insects are living and breeding. Treat all plants in the greenhouse or home.
  2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers and breeders, making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants.
  3. Hang sticky fly traps (blue and yellow) throughout the growing area, including areas of the greenhouse or home that has growing plants or exposed soil. These traps will help you keep an eye on the situation.
  4. Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you also have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business.
  5. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
  6. 6Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
  7. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
  8. Since the thrips fly, they will go airborne when they feel the spray hitting the leaves of nearby plants. If the plants are in a vegetation state then you might want to spray over the plants so when they do go airborne, you will hit them with the spray. If your plants are in bloom, you will have to determine the severity of the infestation. If the thrips are placing the blooming crop in danger of failure, then you will have to kill them. As we have addressed before, by just spraying water on delicate buds you will notice some cosmetic imperfections. Most plants in the early stages of bloom growth will out-grow any cosmetic imperfections.
  9. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

     —————————————– Page 2 ———————————-

    Aphids (leaf), how to get rid of them 

    The leaf Aphid life cycle starts on the leaf and ends on the leaf however some may use the soil to access the plant stem. Eggs can be seen with a microscope but often are misidentified as

    trichomes. Generally speaking, an Aphid egg is larger than the trichome and oblong in shape and may be seen with a white, light green, or brownish pigmentation. Aphids, in general, will have a teardrop shape with two antennae-like protrusions at the rear of the insect. This shape is common for both leaf and root Aphids with root aphids tending to be much more colorful.

    Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

    1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ½ inch down to where the insects may be crawling. Treat all plants in the greenhouse or home.
    2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers and breeders, making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants.
    3. Hang sticky fly traps (blue and yellow) throughout the growing area, including areas of the greenhouse or home that has grown plants or exposed soil. These traps will help you keep an eye on the situation.
    4. Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you also have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business.
    5. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
    6. Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
    7. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
    8. Since they fly, they will go airborne when they feel the spray hitting the leaves of nearby plants. If the plants are in a vegetation state, then you might want to spray over the plants so when they do go airborne, you will hit them with the spray. If your plants are in bloom, you will have to determine the severity of the infestation. If the thrips are placing the blooming crop in danger of failure, then you will have to kill them. As we have addressed before, by just spraying water on delicate buds you will notice some cosmetic imperfections. Most plants in the early stages of bloom growth will out-grow any cosmetic imperfections.
    9. The Aphid will die within seconds of the application and freeze in place looking like statues. This condition may fool you into thinking they are still alive but with closer examination, they are indeed dead. They will eventually fall off of the leaf or simply brush them or wash them off.
    10. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

       —————————————– Page 3 ———————————-

      Aphids (root), how to get rid of them

      The root Aphid life cycle starts in the soil and goes to above-ground vegetation. Some may fly, some don’t. Eggs can be seen with a microscope but often are misidentified. Generally

      speaking, an Aphid egg is larger than a leaf trichome and oblong in shape and may be seen with a white, light green, or brownish pigmentation. Aphids, in general, will have a tear

      drop shape with two antennae-like protrusions at the rear of the insect. This shape is common for both leaf and root Aphids with root aphids tending to be much more colorful. Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and showing a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

      1. We recommend you treat all of the soil/growing media making sure to penetrate down into the root ball where the root Aphids are concentrated. It is the root ball that protects the root Aphids from rain and other natural hazards so naturally, it is the root ball that is hardest to treat with the Protection Plus. It is important to take the time to slowly pour Protection Plus around the base of the stem, allowing the treatment to fully soak into the areas inside the root ball until runoff from the pot occurs. Then treat the rest of the soil/growing media.
      2. Allow Protection Plus to sit in the soil/growing media for 10 minutes then Flush the Protection Plus out of the soil/growing media with water. Treat all plants in the greenhouse or home. Apply Protection Plus once every three days until the infestation is under control. Remember, allow Protection Plus to kill the root Aphids for 10 minutes then Flush the soil/growing media with water.
      3. General Application: Apply Protection Plus once every three days until the infestation is under control. Allow Protection Plus to kill the root Aphids for 10 minutes then Flush the soil/growing media with water. Field-grown plants can forgo the flushing with water. However, the dosage may need to be lowered to compensate for the root’s longer contact time with Protection Plus. This is where one plant should be singled out and treated, watched carefully and decisions made.
      4. Spray the plants every 7 days to complete your IPM Integrated Pest Management program. This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
      5. Start the dosage at 2 ounces (60 ml) per gallon of water. Increase the dosage to 3-4 ounces (90-120ml) only if needed.
      6. The Aphid will die within seconds of the application and freeze in place looking like statues. This condition may fool you into thinking they are still alive but with closer examination, they are indeed dead. They will eventually decompose. 

       —————————————– Page 4 ———————————-

      Gnats, how to get rid of them

      The Gnat life cycle starts in the soil as this is where they lay their eggs. The egg takes 4-6 days to hatch into a larva, then 12-14 days to turn into a pupa, then within 4-6 days, the adult gnat emerges. It will take 8-10 days for the adult to start laying eggs. Generally speaking, a Gnats egg is oblong in shape and may be seen with white or brownish pigmentation. Gnat larva and pupa, in general, will have a worm-like shape with a black spot that eventually turns into the eyes and or mouth. Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application.  Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

      1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ¼ inch down to where the insects may be crawling. Treat all plants in the greenhouse or home.
      2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers, breeders, and eggs making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants.
      3. Hang sticky fly traps (blue and yellow) throughout the growing area, including areas of the greenhouse or home that has growing plants or exposed soil. These traps will help you keep an eye on the situation.
      4. Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business.
      5. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
      6. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
      7. Since they fly, they will go airborne when they feel the spray hitting the leaves of nearby plants. If the plants are in a vegetation state, then you might want to spray over the plants so when they do go airborne, you will hit them with the spray. If your plants are in bloom, you will have to determine the severity of the infestation. If the thrips are placing the blooming crop in danger of failure, then you will have to kill them. As we have addressed before, by just spraying water on delicate buds you will notice some cosmetic imperfections. Most plants in the early stages of bloom growth will out-grow any cosmetic imperfections.
      8. n some instances, the gnats will be found deeper into the soil. One of the reasons may be that the soil has pulled away from the sides of the pot, allowing the gnat access to the lower areas of the soil. Also, some planters have holes in their sidewalls to help allow air to pass into the soil and achieve atmospheric root pruning. These air holes allow the gnat access to infest the entire area where the pot meets the soil. In this case, a root drench is advisable. To do so follow this regiment:
      9. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

       —————————————– Page 5 ———————————-

      Russet Mites, how to get rid of them

      The Russet Mite life cycle starts on the leaf and ends on the leaf however some may use the soil to access the plant stem. Eggs can be seen with a microscope but often are misidentified as trichomes. Generally speaking, the Russet Mite egg is slightly smaller than the trichome with a more rounded appearance. Eggs will turn from clear to opaque to orange after treatment signifying their transition from healthy to death. Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

      1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ¼ inch down to where the insects may be crawling.
      2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers, breeders, and eggs making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants.
      3. Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you also have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business.
      4. Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
      5. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
      6. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

       —————————————– Page 6 ———————————-

      Whiteflies, how to get rid of them

      There are six stages of growth on the leaf, one of the stages is flight. The eggs are oblong and whitish in color and the nymphs are translucent and may take on the color of the plant leaf as light bounces back through it. Flying insects are always a challenge however, Protection Plus is a great knockdown pesticide. Spraying over the canopy will promote flight and this is a good time to make sure enough pesticide travels into the air to make contact will all of the fliers. Because the fliers may get only a partial application, we are suggesting the maximum dosage. Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and showing a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as thewater you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

      1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ½ inch down to where the insects may be crawling. Treat all plants in the greenhouse or home.
      2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers and breeders, making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants.
      3. Hang sticky fly traps (blue and yellow) throughout the growing area, including areas of the greenhouse or home that has growing plants or exposed soil. These traps will help you keep an eye on the situation.
      4. Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your your cropcrop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you also have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
      5. Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
      6. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
      7. Since they fly, they will go airborne when they feel the spray hitting the leaves of nearby plants. If the plants are in a vegetation state, then you might want to spray over the plants so when they do go airborne, you will hit them with the spray. If your plants are in bloom, you will have to determine the severity of the infestation. If the thrips are placing the blooming crop in danger of failure, then you will have to kill them. As we have addressed before, by just spraying water on delicate buds you will notice some cosmetic imperfections. Most plants in the early stages of bloom growth will out-grow any cosmetic imperfections.
      8. The Whitefly will die within seconds. They will eventually fall off of the leaf or simply brush them or wash them off.
      9. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

         —————————————– Page 7 ———————————-

        Powdery Mildew, how to get rid of it

        There are many varieties of mold and mildew. We will address them all here as Powdery Mildew. Protection Plus works great to suppress Powdery Mildew. Once you have Powdery Mildew, it will be very hard to get rid of it unless you spray weekly to keep it from getting out of control. Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. Check EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then treat for insects.

        1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ¼ inch down to where the mildew may be growing. Treat all plants in the greenhouse or home.
        2. Spray the leaves and stems making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants.
        3. Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown to you. If you have pest issues you also have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest management is part of the cost of doing business.
        4. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
        5. Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
        6. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. Powdery Mildew is hard to control.
        7. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.
        8. Much research needs to be done to determine whether powdery mildew as a whole or a certain strain affects certain plants systemically. There are thousands of strains of powdery mildew, some specific to plants as rose powdery mildew is different than powdery mildew found on cucumbers. In the case of Cannabis, at the time of this writing, it is up in the air which one or more powdery mildew strains affect Cannabis. Until more is known, the best way to keep powdery mildew from corrupting the crop is to consistently use a proper IPM program. It is known, however, that powdery mildew is much more common in plants that are underfed and overfed, with overfed being more problematic.

         —————————————– Page 8 ———————————-

        Outdoor Soil Applications (Garden)

        Applying Protection Plus to garden soil with no way of mixing it in large quantities.

        Protection Plus can replace four individual products resulting in a lower cost to the farm/greenhouse. Protection Plus, besides being an excellent leaf insect killer, can be applied to the water when watering. By continuously using Protection Plus at super low doses during watering, it will repel insects in the growing medium while at the same time greatly reducing or eliminating biofilm on the roots. Biofilm is one of the biggest problems facing organic and non-organic growers. Biofilm, as it forms on roots, restricts nutrients, water, and oxygen from entering the roots. The reduction of oxygen from the biofilm promotes the die-off of smaller roots which in turn attracts insects to the decaying matter. The continuous low-dose application of Protection Plus makes the growing medium less desirable for insect colonization while at the same time helping plants achieve true genetic potential.  Note: While a well-developed root system is generally recognized as a good thing, the biofilm will cause the plant root system to be unhealthy and larger than needed, robbing energy from buds and blooms to regenerate damaged roots.

         Kill Pests Dosage: This will be an estimation since we don’t know how much water you will use per plant per watering. Water the plants and wait until they are fully hydrated. Add 4 ounces (120ml’s) of Protection Plus to one gallon of water and mix. Apply an ounce or two to the soil’s surface around the plant’s root zone using a watering can or a pump-up sprayer. Do this for each plant. Now, water the plants with your garden hose. Do this every 3 days until the pests have moved away or have died.

         Repel Pests and Remove Biofilm Dosage: This will be an estimation since we don’t know how much water you will use per plant per watering. Water the plants and wait until they are fully hydrated. Add 1-2 teaspoons (5-10mls) of Protection Plus to one gallon of water and mix. Apply an ounce or two to the soil’s surface around the plant’s root zone using a watering can or a pump-up sprayer. Do this for each plant. Now, water the plants with your garden hose. You apply Protection Plus in this manner as often as you like. Have fun, spray some rows and not others to prove to yourself that removing the bio-film was worth the effort.

         —————————————– Page 9 ———————————-

         Outdoor Soil Applications (field n farm)

         Protection Plus can replace four individual products resulting in a lower cost to the farm/greenhouse. Protection Plus, besides being an excellent leaf insect killer, can be applied to the water when watering. By continuously using Protection Plus at super low doses during watering, it will repel insects in the growing medium while at the same time greatly reducing or eliminating biofilm on the roots. Biofilm is one of the biggest problems facing organic and non-organic growers. Biofilm, as it forms on roots, restricts nutrients, water, and oxygen from entering the roots. The reduction of oxygen from the biofilm promotes the die-off of smaller roots which in turn attracts insects to the decaying matter. The continuous low-dose application of Protection Plus makes the growing medium less desirable for insect colonization while at the same time helping plants achieve true genetic potential.  Note: While a well-developed root system is generally recognized as a good thing, the biofilm will cause the plant root system to be unhealthy and larger than needed, robbing energy from buds and blooms to regenerate damaged roots.

         Repel Pests and Remove Biofilm Dosage:

        Always use the least amount needed to accomplish the task. The amount needed per gallon of water depends directly on the bio or insect load affecting the roots.

        By Hand or Truck: If possible, water the plants and wait until they are fully hydrated. Add 1-2 teaspoons (5-10ml) of Protection Plus to one gallon of water and mix. Apply an ounce or two to the soil’s surface around the plant’s root zone using a watering can, pump-up sprayer, or truck water applicator/sprayer.

        Irrigation system top watering or bottom watering systems: Dose the water supply by adding 0.1ml – 1.0ml per gallons of water, or 1.0ml – 10.0ml per 10 gallons of water, or

        5.0mls – 50 ml per 50 gallons of water. This can and should be used when watering. Top watering or bottom watering systems.

         —————————————– Page 10 ———————————-

        Outdoor Leaf Applications (Garden)

        If possible, water the plants until they are fully hydrated. Once hydrated, make all applications early in the day, late in the day, or on cloudy days. Applications may be done with handheld or pump-up sprayers.

        Dosage: For the proper dosage, please refer to the type of pest to be treated within this manual for dosage and applications suitable for fields and farms.

         —————————————– Page 11 ———————————-

        Outdoor Leaf Applications (large scale field n farm)

        If possible, make applications of Protection Plus after irrigation. If irrigation is above the canopy, allow the leaves to dry before application. Make all applications early in the day, late in the day, or on cloudy days. Applications may be done with handheld, pump-up, or powered sprayers.

        Dosage: For the proper dosage, please refer to the type of pest to be treated within this manual for dosage and applications suitable for fields and farms.

         —————————————– Page 12 ———————————- 

        Hydroponic Systems kept free of slime/biofilm

        Protection Plus will keep roots, pipes, tubes, drippers, sprayers, and tanks free of biofilm/slime. Protection Plus keeps your system running clean without purchasing chlorine or system cleansers. This makes Protection Plus even more affordable.

        Dosage: We suggest that you start with 1/2ml Protection Plus per gallon or 5mls/1 tsp per 10 gallons of water /nutrient and see how well the equipment and roots are being kept clean. To maintain optimal facility profitability, we suggest the dosage be slowly decreased until you see biofilm form again, then raise the dosage back up slightly to maintain a biofilm-free system.

        Hydroponic systems that have small tubes and orifices will need to be cleaned out gradually otherwise plugging may occur. This product has been formulated to be concentrated and economical, only increase the dose if you feel it is a benefit. This dosage range will repel insects and will help keep the colonization of bacterial growth from occurring.

         —————————————– Page 13 ———————————-

        Hydroponic Systems – kill insects in the growing media

        1. If possible, isolate one plant and test it before treating the entire crop. This will tell you how sensitive the plant is and or how sick it is and whether you should keep the dose the same, increase the dose, or reduce it.
        2. Root drenches should be done after the plant’s media has had a clear water flush and the plants are fully hydrated.
        3. Root drenches should take place for 5 minutes, then flush with water.
        4. We recommend you treat all of the soil/growing media making sure to penetrate down into the root ball where the root Aphids are concentrated. It is the root ball that protects the root Aphids from rain and other natural hazards so naturally, it is the root ball that is hardest to treat with the protection Plus. It is important to take the time to slowly pour Protection Plus around the base of the stem, allowing the treatment to fully soak into the areas inside the root ball until runoff from the pot occurs. Then treat the rest of the soil/growing media.  Allow Protection Plus to sit in the soil/growing media for 5 minutes then Flush the Protection Plus out of the soil/growing media with water. Treat all plants.
        5. General Application: Apply Protection Plus once every three days until the infestation is under control.
        6. Alternate aggressive application for extreme infestations: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to applying once every three days until the infestation is under control. Allow Protection Plus to kill the root Aphids for 5 minutes then Flush the soil/growing media with water.
        7. Spray the plant’s leaves and stems every 7 days to complete your IPM Integrated Pest Management program. This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
        8. Start the dosage at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. Decrease the dosage to 2 ounces (60ml) to maintain low insect levels.

           —————————————– Page 14 ———————————-

          Using Protection Plus in the Tea Brewing Process

          While using teas made from organic materials is a great way to feed plants, it can bring on some undesirable situations. Tea is a prime source of food for pests, so applying it is like ringing a dinner bell. Adding Protection Plus to the water before adding the other ingredients makes for a superior tea. Protection Plus should be used when making tea from liquids, solids, or both. After the tea has been applied to the soil it will help to repel insects and powdery mildew, reduce the odor of the tea as it breaks down, and increase the soil’s bio-activity. It should be noted that the strength of the tea will likely increase with the use of the Protection Plus as it will greatly increase bio-activity. It will also help to reduce the amount of slime/biofilm that can accumulate in and around the root zone. Biofilm is undesirable because when it coats the roots it reduces water, mineral uptake, and discourages mycorrhiza from attaching to the roots. It is amazing how well the plants will respond to the proper conditions found in the soil.

           Dosage:

          Concentrated tea: Use 1 teaspoon (5mls) per gallon of water and ingredients. Add ingredients to water, add Protection Plus and let brew. Allow the tea to brew for at least 24 hours, longer is always better as it takes a while for the bacteria in your tea to break down the solids that are holding onto the NPK, minerals, amino acids, and more.

          Ready to use tea: (you make it up and apply it directly to the plant) use 1 teaspoon (5mls) per 5 gallons of water and ingredients. Allow the tea to brew for at least one hour.

           —————————————– Page 15 ———————————-

          Applying Protection Plus to buds or blooms

          1. Protection Plus is very kind to plants. However, no liquid, including water should be sprayed on a bud or bloom unless it is necessary. Cosmetically speaking, just the minerals alone in water can change delicate hairs to a different color.
          2. If it is necessary to apply Protection Plus because of a pest infestation that could destroy the crop, it would be better to spray the buds than not to spray.
          3. Use the least amount needed to get the job done. Slight imperfections to bud hairs will be apparent.

           

           —————————————– Page 16 ———————————-

           Protection Plus % of kill on insects

          1. Adolescent mites (Russet, Broad, Spider, etc.) and most adult pests will die quickly. Having said that, insects that have not been coated properly with Protection Plus may
          2. live up to 24 hours before death or not die at all. It is important to take the time to fully coat leaf and soil surfaces to obtain the best results.
          3. Using a good stereo microscope, you can see the pests dying right in front of your eyes after proper application. Take the time to do a proper application.
          4. Aphids never seem to move once they have been in contact with Protection Plus. This may appear like they are still alive but upon closer inspection, they are dead and can be brushed from the leaf.

          Independent research laboratory results.

          Kill % after first application on infestation:

          Russet mites 98% Kill       Aphids 98% Kill

          Whitefly 100% Kill             Thrips 90% Kill

          Spider mites 89% Kill

          Following the application instructions will lead you to as close to a 100% kill as you will ever get. You will never be able to stop insects from coming into the growing area, it is impossible to do. What you can do is use Protection Plus weekly to suppress insects that do come into the growing area from the out of doors. Continuous applications of Protection Plus is part of IPM (Integrated Pest Management) and should be considered a cost of doing business.

          Other research results.

          Very effective on Scorpions, Ants, Spiders, and other insects found on or around plants. As an example, spraying coffee bushes before harvest can greatly reduce worker complaints of stinging insects.

          Dosage: 4 ounces per gallon

           —————————————– Page 17 ———————————-

          Using Protection Plus with Predatory Insects

           Protection Plus™ is a great choice to use as a knockout treatment for infestations before releasing predatory mites, aphids, etc. as predatory insects are much better at controlling insect infestations than irradicating them. You want to kill the pests and their young before releasing the predatory insects. You can apply three applications of Protection Plus to the plants on the same day to reduce extremely high populations of pests or use the prescribed pest kill methods listed under the pest species before predatory insect release. Note: Always test one plant with multiple applications to understand the severity of plant stress and unhealthiness before treating the whole crop. This method of treating the plants first with Protection Plus will ensure the best results coming from the predatory insect release and cost you less money in the long run by giving you a better chance of a successful predatory insect population. Once Protection Plus has dried it will not harm the predatory insects.

          1. Always apply Protection Plus and wait for it to dry before releasing predatory insects. It’s also a good idea to make sure most of the adult pests, their larvae, and eggs are dead before releasing predatory insects.
          2. We recommend using Protection Plus at standard strength once every 7-10 days between the use of predatory insects. Discontinue the use of Protection Plusonce you have released the predatory insects.
          3. Predatory insects are great for protecting gardens if predatory insect numbers are high in number, however, the cost of introducing enough predatory insects to stop an infestation before the plants are beyond help usually ends up being quite expensive. Treat the plants with Protection Plus and release the predatory insects after 90-100% of the pests are dead. It is the opinion of many that you will need to kill at least 90% of the pests before the release of the predatory insects or the pests will repopulate before the predatory insects can take control of the infestation.

           —————————————– Page 18 ———————————-

          Protection Plus Application before Entry into Facility

          What is the number 1-way insects get into your garden? You invite them in. Plants should be treated with Protection Plus before they are brought into any indoor or outdoor setting. Even if you don’t see any pests, we still suggest you spray the plants and quarantine them until you do not detect any pests for 10 days. Spray your newly acquired plants with Protection Plus once a day for three days and then once every three days while they are in quarantine. Soil: Under high-intensity light, empty the soil onto a white surface and watch carefully for Mite or Aphid movement. Rockwool: Remove the wrapper and inspect the areas between the plastic and Rockwool. Remove a slice of the Rockwool and inspect under a microscope.

           —————————————– Page 19 ———————————-

          Safety

          All state and federal agencies are recommending that you cover up with protective clothing and proper equipment such as gloves, eyewear, and mask when you spray pesticides. As with any product, discontinue using the product if a rash occurs as you may be allergic to one or more of its ingredients. When used as directed, Protection Plus is fairly gentle to the skin but should be rinsed off after contact.

           —————————————– Page 20 ———————————-

          Mixing and Application Period?

          Always spray the same day you make it. Clean sprayer before and after use.

           —————————————– Page 21 ———————————-

          Using a wetting agent.

          Environmental Plant Management does not recommend a wetting agent. Protection Plus has a proper surfactant package, even for dirty field-grown leaves.

           —————————————– Page 22 ———————————-

          Lighting Application ON or OFF when spraying?

          This issue is debatable. We have seen no harm spraying when the lights were ON, as long as HID lighting is not too close to the plants. Fluorescent and LED lighting can be fairly close to the plants without ill effects. Spray one part of a plant and watch for possible indications of problems before spraying the entire crop. With any pesticide, make sure the plants are hydrated before application. In most cases, the plants will show signs of relief after being sprayed with Protection Plus.

           —————————————– Page 23 ———————————-

          Protection Plus and Odor Control

          When sprayed, Protection Plus gives off a pleasant smell. Once dried Protection Plus will not emit an offensive odor.

           —————————————– Page 24 ———————————-

           Pets

          We have seen no ill effects on pets while applying or after the application of Protection Plus to areas where plants are growing. Remove pets from the area during application. Pets may return after application.

           —————————————– Page 25 ———————————-

          Protection Plus and Plant Growth

          Protection Plus will not significantly slow plant growth. Why? It doesn’t use oil and detergents as its primary ingredients. Oil-based pesticides will slow plant growth. Why? Since oil and water don’t mix well, the oil needs to have a heavy-duty detergent or soap added to it so that it will be soluble in water. When the combination of oil and detergent/soap is sprayed on the leaves and allowed to dry, the dried pesticide clogs the stomata and blocks light to the chloroplasts. Note: In most cases, the plants will show signs of relief after being sprayed with Protection Plus.

           —————————————– Page 26 ———————————-

          Rinsing off Protection Plus

          You can rinse it off after you have determined the infestation is under control. You will find that it is much easier to rinse off leaves and stems than it is when you use oil and detergent-based pesticides.

           —————————————– Page 27 ———————————-

          Flush minerals from soil using Protection Plus

          Protection Plus can be used to flush out excess minerals. Always remember to flush it out after ten minutes with water.

          Application: Add Protection Plus to water and mix. Then, flood containers with plenty of runoff. Flush with water after 5 minutes. This will greatly reduce the mineral deposits in the soil.

          Dosage: Mix 1tsp/5ml per 5 gallons of water.

           —————————————– Page 28 ———————————-  

          Protection Plus Formulation Quality Control

          We made it our job to manufacture a pesticide that is not only extremely effective and inexpensive but also make sure that it doesn’t contain any ingredient that would fail lab testing. It wasn’t easy but we did it! Many harmful chemicals can fail a lab test, the problem is, many states will add a harmful chemical to their list without a lot of notice. It may seem like one day a questionable chemical is not on the state’s radar, the next day the same chemical will be deemed harmful and you will fail your testing. We at Environmental Plant Management are trying to foresee the future by testing for ingredients that have already been deemed harmful and also testing for ingredients that we believe will be deemed harmful in time. By testing our pesticide for adverse ingredients, we can assure the grower, distributor, field consultant, and retailer that Protection Plus will not cause a grower to fail a lab test due to the ingredients listed below.

          To help assure growers pass lab testing, Protection Plus is tested for the ingredients listed below:

          Chemicals with upcoming or unknown significance that we tested for Glyphosate

          Metals Tested: Antimony, Arsenic, Beryllium, Cadmium, Chromium, Lead, Mercury, Nickel, Selenium

          Microbiology Profile Tested for: Total Living Coliforms, Aerobic Plate Count, Salmonella, E. coli, Staphylococcus, Mold, and Yeast

          Chemicals Tested for:

          2,4-DP (Dichlorprop

          2,4,5-TP

          Acephate

          Acequinocyl

          Acetamiprid

          Acetochlor

          Acifluorfen

          Acrinathrin

          Alachlor

          Aldicarb

          Aldicarb sulfoxide

          Aldoxycarb (Aldicarb-sulfone)

          Aldrin

          Ametryn

          Aspon

          Atrazine

          Atrazine-desethyl

           

          Avermectin B1a/B1b (Abemectin)

          Azinphos-ethyl

          Azinphos-methyl

          Azoxystrobin

          Benalaxyl

          Bendiocarb

          Benfluralin

          Benoxacor

          Bensulide

          Bentazon

          BHC alpha (HCH)

          BHC beta (HCH)

          BHC delta (HCH)

          Bifenazate

          Bifenox

          Bifenthrin

          Binapacryl

          Bitertanol

          Boscalid (Nicobifen)

          Bromacil

          Bromophos (Bromophos-methyl)

          Bromophos-ethyl

          Bromopropylate

          Bromoxynil

          Bromuconazole

          Bupirimate

          Dinotefuran

          Diniconazole

          Dinocap

          Dinoseb

          Dioxathion

          Diphenamid

          Diphenylamine

          Disulfoton

          Disulfoton sulfone

          Disulfoton sulfoxide

          Dithianon

          Diuron

          DNOC

          Edifenphos

          Endosulfan alpha

          Endosulfan beta

          Endosulfan sulfate

          Endrin

          Endrin aldehyde

          EPN

          EPTC (Eptam)

          Esfenvalerate/Fenvalerate

          Etaconazole

          Ethalfluralin

          Ethiofencarb

          Ethion

          Ethirimol

          Ethofumesate

          Ethoprophos

          Ethoxyquin

          Etofenprox

          Etoxazole

          Etridiazole

          Etrimfos

          Famoxadone

          Famphur

          Fenamidone

          Fenamiphos

          Fenamiphos sulfone

          Fenamiphos sulfoxide

          Fenarimol

          Fenbuconazole

          Fenbutatin oxide

          Fenchlorphos

          Fenhexamid

          Fenitrothion

          Fenobucarb

          Methomyl

          Methoxychlor

          Methoxyfenozide

          Metobromuron

          Metolachlor

          Metolcarb

          Metribuzin

          Metsulfuron-methyl

          Mevinphos

          MGK 264

          MirexMolinate

          Monocrotophos

          Monolinuron

          Myclobutanil

          Naled

          Napropamide

          Neburon

          Nicosulfuron

          Nitrapyrin

          Nitrofen

          Norflurazon

          Novaluron

          Nuarimol

          Omethoate

          O-Phenylphenol

          Oryzalin

          Oxadiazon

          Oxadixyl

          Oxamyl

          Oxamyl-oxime

          Oxychlordane

          Oxydemeton-Methyl

          Oxyfluorfen

          Oxythioquinox

          Paclobutrazol

          Paraoxon (Paraoxon-ethyl)

          Paraoxon methyl

          Parathion ethyl

          Parathion methyl

          Penconazole

          Pendimethalin

          Penflufen

          Pentachloroaniline

          Pentachlorobenzene (PCB)

           

          Buprofezin

          Butachlor

          Butylate

          Cadusafos

          Captafol

          Captan

          Carbaryl

          Carbendazim

          Carbofuran

          Carbofuran, 3-hydroxy

          Carbophenothion

          Carbophenothion-methyl

          Carboxin

          Carfentrazone-ethyl

          Chlorantraniliprole

          Chlordane, cis-

          Chlordane, trans-

           

          Chlordimeform

          Chlorfenapyr

          Chlorfenson (Ovex)

          Chlorfenvinphos

          Chlorimuron-ethyl

          Chlornitrofen (CNP)

          Chlorobenzilate

          Chloroneb

          Chlorothalonil

          Chlorpropham (CIPC)

          Chlorpyrifos (Chlorpyrifos ethyl)

          Chlorpyrifos-methy

          Chlorsulfuron

          Chlorthion

          Chlorthiophos

          Cinerin

          Clethodim

          Clethodim

          Clethodim Sulf

          Clofentezine

          Clomazone

          Clopyralid

          Clothianidin Coumaphos

          Crotoxyphos

          Cyanazine Cyanofenphos

          Cyanophos

          Cyantraniliprole

          Cyazofamid

          Fenoxycarb

          Fenpropathrin

          Fenpyroximate

          Fenson

          Fensulfothion

          Fenthion

          Fenuron

          Fipronil

          Flonicamid

          Fluazifop

          Fluazinam

          Fluchloralin

          Flucythrinate

          Fludioxonil

          Flufenacet

          Flumioxazin

          Fluopicolide

          Fluopyram

          Fluoxastrobin

          Flupyradifurone

          Fluridone

          Fluroxypyr

          Flusilazol

          Fluthiacet Methyl

          Flutolanil

          Flutriafol

          Fluvalinate

          Fluxapyroxad

          Folpet

          Fomesafen

          Fonofos

          Foramsulfuron

          Forchlorfenuron

          Formetanate

          Furathiocarb

          Halosulfuron-methyl

          Haloxyfop

          Heptachlor

          Heptenophos

          Hexachlorobenzene

          Hexaconazole

          Hexazinone

          Hexythiazox

          Hydroprene

          Imazalil

          Imazamox

          Pentachlorophenol

          Pentachlorothioanisole (PCTA)

          Penthiopyrad

          Permethrin

          Perthane

          Phenmedipham

          Phenothrin

          Phenthoate

          Phorate

          Phorate OA

          Phorate Sulfone

          Phorate Sulfoxide

          Phosalone

          Phosmet

          Pyroxsulam

          Quinalphos

          Quinclorac

          Quinoxyfen

          Quintozene (PCNB)

          Quizalofop

          Resmethrin

          Rimsulfuron

          Rotenone

          S421

          Saflufenacil

          Sebuthylazine

          Sethoxydim

          Simazine

          Simetryn

          Spinetoram

          Spinosad (Spinosyn A, D)

          Spirodiclofen

          Spiromesifen

          Spirotetramat

          Spirotetramat enol

          Spiroxamine

          Sulfallate

          Sulfentrazone

          Sulfometuron-methyl

          Sulfosulfuron

          Sulfotep

          Sulfoxaflor

          Sulprofos

          tau-Fluvalinate

          Tebuconazole

           

          Cycloate

          Cyhalothrin, lambda

          Cymoxanil

          Cypermethrin: as the sum of

          Cypermethrins, alpha and zeta

          Cyprodinil

          Cyromazine

          Dacthal (Chlorthal-dimethyl)

          DDD, o,p’-

          DDD, p,p’-

          DDE, o,p’-

          DDE, p,p’-

          DDT, o,p’-

          DDT, p,p’-

           

          DEF (Tribufos)

          Demeton-S

          Demeton-S methyl

          Demeton-S methyl sulfone

          Desmedipham

          Diallate

          Diazinon

          Diazoxon

          Dicamba

          Dichlobenil

          Dichlofenthion

          Dichlofluanid

          Dichlorbenzamide

          Dichlorvos

          Diclobutrazol

          Diclofop-methyl

          Diclofop (acid)

          Dicloran

          Dicofol, o,p’/ p,p’-

          Dicrotophos

          Dieldrin

          Diethofencarb

          Diethyltoluamide (DEET)

          Difenoconazole

          Diflubenzuron

          Diflufenzopyr

          Dimethenamid

          Dimethoate

          Dimethomorph

          Imazapic

          Imazapyr

          Imazaquin

          Imazethaphyr

          Imidacloprid

          Imidoxone

          Indaziflam

          Indoxacarb

          Iprobenfos

          Iprodione

          Isazophos

          Isobenzan

          Isocarbophos

          Isodrin

          Isofenphos

          Isofenphos-methyl

          Isofenphos OA

          Isoprocarb

          Isopropalin

          Isoprothiolane

          Isoproturon

          Isoxaben

          Isoxaflutole

          Jasmolin

          Kresoxim-methyl

          Lactofen

          Lenacil

          Lindane (gamma BHC)

          Linuron

          Malaoxon

          Malathion

          Mandipropamid

          MCPA/MCPB

          Mecarbam

          Mecoprop (MCPP)

          Mepanipyrim

          Mesosulfuron methyl0.

          Mesotrione

          Metalaxyl / Mefenoxim

          Metconazole

          Methacrifos

          Methamidophos

          Methidathion

          Methiocarb

          Methiocarb sulfone

          Methiocarb sulfoxide

          Tebufenozide

          Tebuthiuron

          Tecnazene

          Tefluthrin

          Tembotrione

          Terbacil

          Terbufos

          Terbufos sulfone

          Terbufos sulfoxide

          Terbuthylazine

          Terbutryn

          Tetrachlorvinphos

          Tetraconazole

          Tetradifon

          Tetramethrin

          Tetrasul

          Thiabendazole

          Thiabendazole, 5-hydroxy

          Thiacloprid

          Thiamethoxam

          Thifensulfuron-methyl

          Thiobencarb

          Thiodicarb

          Thiometon

          Thionazin

          Thiophanate-methyl

          Tolclofos-methyl

          Tolfenpyrad

          Tolylfluanid

          Topramezone

          Tralkoxydim

          Triadimefon

          Triadimenol

          Triallate

          Triasulfuron

          Triazophos

          Tribenuron-methyl

          Triclopyr

          Trichlorfon

          Trifloxystrobin

          Trifloxysulfuron

          Triflumizole

          Trifluralin

          Triflusulfuron-methyl

          Triforin

          Triticonazole

          Vinclozolin, Zoxamide

           

           

           

           —————————————– Page 29 ———————————-

          Integrated Pest Management IPM

          1. IPM Integrated Pest Management and its value.
          2. Pests are not a sign that the growers are unclean or not doing their job properly, in fact, finding pests on the plants is completely natural and expected. No matter how hard the growers try to keep pests off of their plants, pests will always be in the fields and greenhouse. However, it is the art of keeping pests under control that secures reputation and market share for growers. A farm/greenhouse needs eyes on the plants to determine
          3. what kind of pest is on the crop, what the severity of the pest population is, and what type of treatment is needed to contain the spread of the pest. It is the role of every professional applicator to communicate to the grower the value of having a continuously operating pest management program or IPM. What is the meaning of IPM?
          4. The definition of Integrated Pest Management can be broken down into examples like this:
          5. Integrated refers to the combining or coordinating of separate elements to provide a harmonious, interrelated method of control.
          6. Check incoming plants for pests and apply pesticides whether they need it or not. Notify suppliers if pests are found. A quarantine area is advised for all incoming plants before integrating with the crop.
          7. Check incoming visitors and employees for pests.
          8. The change of clothing may be required for employees with their own private gardens or if they live in the country near fields or farms.
          9. Immerse the soles of shoes in a sanitizing agent before entering indoor areas.
          10. Spray Protection Plus on leaves, stems, the surface area under the canopy, walkways, and delivery docks regularly.
          11. Pest refers to the insects or micro-organisms that are detrimental to the continued success of the business.
          12. It is important to identify the pest or pests that you will be dealing with.
          13. Use a laboratory-grade trinocular stereo-microscope that utilizes a high-definition camera for identification. Using anything less than a lab-grade microscope with 180x is unacceptable. Take pictures before and after treatment to prove the controllability of the pests. Log the results with the date and time.
          14. Should you be asked, be prepared to issue photographic proof of the controlled pest to your client.
          15. Management refers to the continuous overseeing of pest control on an hourly basis 7 days a week to ensure business success.

           

          1. Look to the Protection Plus application directions in this manual and devise a preliminary treatment after diagnosing the pest population.
          2. Multiple applications on the same day using the strong-strength may be done if the plants are strong enough and hydrated enough to endure it. Very weak plants may need applications daily until they are strong enough to endure multiple applications on the same day.
          3. After the pests have been brought under control, treat the area every 7 days. Examine the leaves, stems, and under-canopy areas of the plants.
          4. Treatment schedules need to be written and followed without pause. Treatment schedules need to be posted noting the week, day, time, and duration of the application for employee awareness.
          5. Remove employees from the area while treatment is going on. Allow them to return once the product has dried.
          6. Spraying pesticides at low dosage levels regularly lowers the chances of a devalued crop dramatically.
          7. Consistent quality harvests guarantee a secure market share. A devalued crop from pest attack reduces quality and market share.
          8. The cost of an IPM program is less than the cost of losing market share and reputation.
          9. Only watchful eyes in the field can keep pests under control.

           —————————————– Page 30 ———————————-

          Scorpions and how to get rid of them

          Scorpions are related to Spiders in that they are arachnids having eight jointed legs. The Scorpion’s prey is primarily other insects but some will hunt vertebrates. Many species will run towards an adversary no matter how large it is. In any case, these little creatures will find their way into crops grown outdoors and indoor dwellings that have cracks and crevices leading to the outdoors. They do this to wait for prey to arrive and drink from morning dew or watering systems. Their presence on coffee, cannabis, and other bushy shrubs and trees that need to be harvested creates a real problem. While few people die from the sting, the sting is almost always very painful and many workers will simply not perform tasks amongst infested crops. The problem facing growers in the past was pesticides that were effective in killing or repelling the scorpions were not suitable to be used on food crops.

          Protection Plus is the answer to the scorpion problem in that it has three unique advantages over other pesticides.

          1. Protection Plus is very effective in the killing and repelling of scorpions. Scorpions, three inches and under often die within 20-30 seconds after application.
          2. Protection Plus utilizes food-grade ingredients in its formula making it safer to use than other pesticides.
          3. Protection Plus is very kind to the environment. Oversprays and leaves that drip onto the ground will arguably help make the environment better than it was before. Protection Plus will help to unlock the soil’s Macro and Micro minerals and associated protein amino acids from the molecular bonds in the soil. This creates a better environment for bacteria and fungi to aid plants in their search for nutrients. This can reduce fertilizer use and or make it more efficient. Streams and water systems also benefit from Protection Plus’s applications.

          Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. When flushing, check the EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then allow time for the plant to hydrate and then treat for insects. Outdoor field growers should water the plants before application, either in the morning or late in the day when atmospheric conditions allow for the longest contact time to the pest before evaporating.

          1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ¼ inch down to where the insects may be crawling.
          2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers, breeders, and eggs making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants in the greenhouse.
          3. Greenhouse Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business.
          4. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
          5. Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
          6. Outdoor growers should spray the plants before harvesting to allow workers better access to the plants. Allowing 10-20 minutes after spraying to start harvesting will allow plenty of time for the insects to die or retreat from the plant.
          7. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
          8. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

           

           —————————————– Page 31 ———————————-

          Spiders and how to get rid of them

          Spiders are related to Scorpions in that they are arachnids having eight jointed legs. The Spider’s prey is primarily other insects but some will hunt vertebrates. In any case, these little creatures will find their way into crops grown outdoors and indoor dwellings that have cracks and crevices leading to the outdoors. They do this to wait for prey to arrive and drink from morning dew or watering systems. Their presence on coffee, cannabis, and other bushy shrubs and trees that need to be harvested creates a real problem. While few people die from the sting, the sting is almost always very painful and many workers will simply not perform tasks amongst infested crops. The problem facing growers in the past was pesticides that were effective in killing or repelling the Spiders were not suitable to be used on food crops.

          Protection Plus is the answer to the Spider problem in that it has three unique advantages over other pesticides.

          1. Protection Plus is very effective in the killing and repelling of Spiders. Spiders will under often die within 20-30 seconds after application. Some may take longer but death will come sooner or later. Once sprayed they are effectively non-combatant and in full retreat mode.
          2. Protection Plus utilizes food-grade ingredients in its formula making it safer to use than other pesticides.
          3. Protection Plus is very kind to the environment. Oversprays and leaves that drip onto the ground will arguably help make the environment better than it was before. Protection Plus will help to unlock the soil’s Macro and Micro minerals and associated protein amino acids from the molecular bonds in the soil. This creates a better environment for bacteria and fungi to aid plants in their search for nutrients. This can reduce fertilizer use and or make it more efficient. Streams and water systems also benefit from Protection Plus’s applications.

          Before applying any pesticide, make sure the plants are fully hydrated. Flush the plants well with water and show a good amount of run-off. Wait 1 hour before application. Professional Pesticide Applicators Note: Many infestations come from stress caused by excess fertilizer in the growing medium. When flushing, check the EC/PPM of the last few ounces of run-off from the pot. It must be the same EC/PPM as the water you used to flush with. Repeat the flush procedure until you get matching numbers, then allow time for the plant to hydrate and then treat for insects. Outdoor field growers should water the plants before application, either in the morning or late in the day when atmospheric conditions allow for the longest contact time to the pest before evaporating.

          1. We recommend you spray the surface of the soil to penetrate ¼ inch down to where the insects may be crawling.
          2. Spray the leaves and stems for crawlers, breeders, and eggs making sure that every square inch of the plant has been treated. Treat all plants in the greenhouse.
          3. Greenhouse Infestation application or to gain quick control of the crop. Spray three times on day one, wait for the spray to dry between applications. Then, spray once a day for the next three days, then spray once every three days until you observe a pest-free crop. Note: Since you chose the infestation application method to gain quick control of your crop, you now know you are prone to extreme pest attacks from incoming plants, guests, workers, or a source unknown. If you have pest issues you have plant quality and harvest quantity issues. In the end, the company that supplies the market with the most consistent produce wins. Just like buying fertilizer, weekly pest treatments are part of the cost of doing business.
          4. Alternate application for this pest: Apply Protection Plus once a day for three days and then go to spraying once every three days until the infestation is under control.
          5. Spray the plants every 7 days throughout the plant’s life as part of your IPM (Integrated Pest Management program). This will assure you that there will be little chance of pest problems.
          6. Outdoor growers should spray the plants before harvesting to allow workers better access to the plants. Allowing 10-20 minutes after spraying to start harvesting will allow plenty of time for the insects to die or retreat from the plant.
          7. Dosage should stay at 4 ounces (120 ml) per gallon of water. These insects are hard to control.
          8. If possible, use an airless sprayer. They emit a very consistent fine spray without a lot of pressure behind it. This will allow the plant’s leaves to not move around so much that you miss hitting the pests. 100 ft super light-weight hoses and extra reach attachments are available. Use the orifice supplied for fine mist applications. Make sure the sprayer is rated for food crops.

           —————————————– Page 32 ———————————-

          Treating Clones before you bring them into the growing area.

          Yes, there is a proper way to treat clones.

          What is the number one way insects get into your garden? You invite them in.

          Before you apply Protection Plus™, flush the plant site well with water and wait 60 minutes. We recommend flushing until the run-off from the pot has the same electrical conductivity as the water you’re flushing with.

          Why do you do flush the growing medium before the application of Protection Plus? Soils with high mineral contents restrict the plant’s ability to bring in water making the plants de-hydrated. If the plants are not fully hydrated, the plant will try to bring in the pesticide to hydrate itself. Never hydrate a plant with a pesticide as this is where most phytotoxicity comes from. 

          Spraying: Plants should be sprayed with Protection Plus™ before they are brought into any indoor or outdoor setting. If you don’t see any pests, we still suggest you quarantine them until you do not detect any pests, or their eggs for 10 days. Spray them with Protection Plus™ every 3 days while they are in quarantine.

          Root Drenches: Root drenches should be done after the plant’s media has had a clear water flush and the plants are fully hydrated. Wait 1 hour before treating the soil.

          After waiting an hour, drench the soil with Protection Plus, wait 10 minutes, and then flush the growing medium well with water to fully rinse out all the Protection Plus.

          Dosage is 1 ounce of Protection Plus™ per quart of water for leaf and soil applications.

          Soil and Hydroponics use

          Can you use Protection Plus in soil and hydroponics? 

          Yes!

          Kill pests in the growing soil/media, do this:

          Section 1

          Potted plants, hydroponic grow systems:

          1. While the majority of plants like having Protection Plus applied to their soil, it is still a good idea to follow laboratory application procedures as they assure success. As you have come to know, one strain won’t like something while the majority of the others do. So, just to be sure you’re not growing one of the finicky strains, read on.
          2. Rinse fertilizers out of the growing medium to allow the plants to hydrate. The EC/PPM, TDS, taken from the runoff at the end of the flush should be the same as the water you’re flushing with. When readings are the same, you know the growing medium has truly been flushed. (Hydroponic growing mediums are prone to fertilizer salt build-up.)
          3. Wait an hour for the plant to fully hydrate.
          4. View the Protection Plus dosage recommendations. Use the lower dose first to control insects. Watch the plants for any adverse reactions directly related to the treatment. If there are no adverse reactions from the treatment, carefully look for positive results in pest control. If there are positive results, continue the treatment at the current dosage. It is better to make more treatments at a lower dose than trying to kill all of the pests in one dose. Remember, the plants are already highly stressed by the insect attack. Try hard not to add more stress as stress can be a killer in plants and animals. If the lower dose is not effectively reducing the pests but the plants can handle that dosage without ill effect, then use the next higher dose. Repeat the process as aforementioned using the next higher dose. The use of the least amount is always the most beneficial.

          Tip: Protection Plus can replace four individual products resulting in a lower cost to the farm/greenhouse. Protection Plus, besides being an excellent leaf insect killer, it can be applied to the water when watering. By continuously using Protection Plus at super low doses during watering, the continuous applications repel insects in the growing medium while at the same time greatly reducing or eliminating biofilm on the roots. Biofilm is one of the biggest problems facing organic and non-organic growers. Biofilm, as it forms on roots, restricts nutrients, water, and oxygen from entering the roots. The reduction of oxygen from the biofilm promotes the die-off of smaller roots which in-turn attracts insects to the decaying matter. The continuous low-dose application of Protection Plus makes the growing medium less desirable for insect colonization while at the same time helping plants achieve true genetic potential.  Note: While a well-developed root system is generally recognized as a good thing, the biofilm will cause the plant root system to be larger than needed, robbing energy from buds and blooms to regenerate unhealthy roots.

          Kill Insect in soil Dosage: Use 2 ounces of Protection Plus to every 1 gallon of water.

          Apply Protection Plus to saturate the soil in such a manner that it gets into the root ball below the stem along with the rest of the soil/growing media.

          Rinse with water after 10-minutes.

          This may take more than one application to fully control the infestation.

          Repel Insect in soil Dosage: Add 1ml (approximately ¼ teaspoon) of Protection Plus to 10 gallons of water. For best results, make continuous applications using the plant watering system.

          Section 2

          Field Grown Non-Potted plants:

          1. While the majority of plants like having Protection Plus applied to their soil, it is still a good idea to follow laboratory application procedures as they assure success. As you have come to know, one strain won’t like something while the majority of the others do. So, just to be sure you’re not growing one of the finicky strains, read on.
          2. For best results, water the plants an hour or two before applying Protection Plus to the soil.
          3. View the Protection Plus dosage recommendations. Use the lower dose first to control insects. Watch the plants for any adverse reactions directly related to the treatment. If there are no adverse reactions from the treatment, carefully look for positive results in pest control. If there are positive results, continue the treatment at the current dosage. It is better to make more treatments at a lower dose than trying to kill all of the pests in one dose. Remember, the plants are already highly stressed by the insect attack. Try hard not to add more stress as stress can be a killer in plants and animals. If the lower dose is not effectively reducing the pests but the plants can handle that dosage without ill effect, then use the next higher dose. Repeat the process as aforementioned using the next higher dose. The use of the least amount is always the most beneficial.

           

          Tip: Protection Plus can replace three individual products resulting in a lower cost to the farm/greenhouse. Protection Plus, besides being an excellent leaf insect killer, can be applied to the water when watering. By continuously using Protection Plus at super low doses during watering, the continuous applications repel insects in the growing medium while at the same time greatly reducing or eliminating biofilm on the roots. Biofilm is one of the biggest problems facing organic and non-organic growers. Biofilm, as it forms, restricts nutrients, water, and oxygen from entering the roots. The reduction of oxygen from the biofilm promotes the die-off of smaller roots which in-turn attracts insects to the decaying matter. The continuous low-dose application of Protection Plus makes the growing medium less desirable for insect colonization. Note: While a well-developed root system is generally recognized as a good thing, the biofilm will cause the plant root system to be larger than needed, robbing energy from buds and blooms to regenerate unhealthy roots.

           

          Dosage: Use 2 ounces of Protection Plus to every 1 gallon of water.

          Apply Protection Plus to the soil in such a manner that it gets into the root ball below the stem along with the rest of the soil.

          This may take more than one application to fully control the infestation.

          Repel Insect Dosage: Add 1ml (approximately ¼ teaspoon) of Protection Plus to 10 gallons of water. For best results, make continuous applications using the plant watering system.

           

           

                    Section 3

          Repel pests or cleanse plant roots from biofilm do this:

          1. Outdoor Gardens: Add 1ml (approximately ¼ teaspoon) of Protection Plus to every 10 gallons of water and continuously apply the treated water to the entire garden’s soil or concentrate the application to the plant’s root zone. Higher doses may be done to the crop if prior small batch testing for efficacy justifies it.
          2. Potted Plants soil or Hydroponic: Add 1ml (approximately ¼ teaspoon) Protection Plus to every 10 gallons of water. Continuously water or feed the plants with the dosage suggested. Use enough to flood the soil/hydroponic growing media with good run-off. Higher doses may be used on the crop if prior small batch testing for efficacy justifies it.
          3. Hydroponic Cloning Machines, Hydroponic Systems to eliminate slime/biofilm in equipment, pipes, sprayers, pumps, tubes, and on roots: Add 1ml (approximately ¼ teaspoon) Protection Plus to every 10 gallons of water. Continuously water or feed the plants. Use enough to flood the soil/hydroponic growing media with good run-off. Higher doses may be used on the crop if prior small batch testing for efficacy justifies it.
          4. For a fun experiment do this: Add 1ml (approximately ¼ teaspoon) Protection Plus to every 10 gallons of water. Continuously water at this dosage to one row of plants and not to the other row. Watch the difference in growth from the reduction of biofilm and adverse soil insects. If you use a higher dose do you get better results? See what happens when the biofilm has been removed from the roots. Experimenting makes life fun!

          We would love to hear about your experiments! What worked for you, what didn’t, what you liked, and what you didn’t. We love to experiment!

          Protection Plus™ in my hydroponic system to treat pests and slime?

          Can I use Protection Plus in my hydroponic system to keep it free of pests and slime?

          Yes!  Protection Plus will keep roots, pipes, tubes, drippers, sprayers, and tanks free of biofilm. Protection Plus keeps your system running clean without the use of chlorine or system cleansers. This makes Protection Plus even more affordable. It’s like having four products and only paying for only one! One product for leaf insects, one for leaf powdery mildew, one for soil insects, and one for soil and hydroponics biofilm. You can’t beat that! What a saving for the farm!!

          Dosage: We suggest that you start with 1 ml Protection Plus per 10 gallons of water (approximately ¼ teaspoon) or 1 teaspoon (5ml) Protection Plus per 50 gallons of water and see how well the equipment and roots are being kept clean. This dosage is suggested as a good place to start. Hydroponic systems that have small tubes and orifices will need to be cleaned out gradually otherwise plugging may occur. This product has been formulated to be concentrated and economical, increase the dose if you feel it is a benefit to the plant growth stemming from a lack of biofilm. This dosage will repel insects and will help keep colonization of the growth from occurring.

          What Harmful ingredients do you test for?

          What do you test for? 

          Another great question!

          We made it our job to manufacture a pesticide that is not only extremely effective and inexpensive but also make sure that it doesn’t contain any ingredient that would fail lab testing. It wasn’t easy but we did it!

          Many harmful chemicals can fail a lab test, the problem is, many states will add a harmful chemical to their list without a lot of notice. It may seem like one day a questionable chemical is not on the state’s radar, the next day the same chemical will be deemed harmful and you will fail your testing.

          We at Environmental Plant Management are trying to foresee the future by testing for ingredients that have already been deemed harmful by governing officials.  We stay one step ahead by testing for ingredients that we believe in time will be deemed harmful by governing officials. 

          This approach to product purity will keep Environmental Plant Management a leader in the field of responsible pesticide management.

          Here is what we test for to assure quality:

          Metals:

          Antimony

          Arsenic

          Beryllium

          Cadmium

          Chromium

          Lead

          Mercury

          Nickel

          Selenium.

          Microbiology Profile:

          Total Living Coliforms

          Aerobic Plate Count

          Salmonella

          E. coli

          Staphylococcus

          Mold

          Yeast

          Chemicals:

          2,4-DP (Dichlorprop

          2,4,5-TP

          Acephate

          Acequinocyl

          Acetamiprid

          Acetochlor

          Acifluorfen

          Acrinathrin

          Alachlor

          Aldicarb

          Aldicarb sulfoxide

          Aldoxycarb (Aldicarb-sulfone)

          Aldrin

          Ametryn

          Aspon

          Atrazine

          Atrazine-desethyl

          Avermectin B1a/B1b (Abemectin)

          Azinphos-ethyl

          Azinphos-methyl

          Azoxystrobin

          Benalaxyl

          Bendiocarb

          Benfluralin

          Benoxacor

          Bensulide

          Bentazon

          BHC alpha (HCH)

          BHC beta (HCH)

          BHC delta (HCH)

          Bifenazate

          Bifenox

          Bifenthrin

          Binapacryl

          Bitertanol

          Boscalid (Nicobifen)

          Bromacil

          Bromophos (Bromophos-methyl)

          Bromophos-ethyl

          Bromopropylate

          Bromoxynil

          Bromuconazole

          Bupirimate

          Buprofezin

          Butachlor

          Butylate

          Cadusafos

          Captafol

          Captan

          Carbaryl

          Carbendazim

          Carbofuran

          Carbofuran, 3-hydroxy

          Carbophenothion

          Carbophenothion-methyl

          Carboxin

          Carfentrazone-ethyl

          Chlorantraniliprole

          Chlordane, cis-

          Chlordane, trans-

          Chlordimeform

          Chlorfenapyr

          Chlorfenson (Ovex)

          Chlorfenvinphos

          Chlorimuron-ethyl

          Chlornitrofen (CNP)

          Chlorobenzilate

          Chloroneb

          Chlorothalonil

          Chlorpropham (CIPC)

          Chlorpyrifos (Chlorpyrifos ethyl)

          Chlorpyrifos-methy

          Chlorsulfuron

          Chlorthion

          Chlorthiophos

          Cinerin

          Clethodim

          Clethodim

          Clethodim Sulf

          Clofentezine

          Clomazone

          Clopyralid

          Clothianidin Coumaphos

          Crotoxyphos

          Cyanazine Cyanofenphos

          Cyanophos

          Cyantraniliprole

          Cyazofamid

          Cycloate

          Cyhalothrin, lambda

          Cymoxanil

          Cypermethrin: as the sum of

          Cypermethrins, alpha and zeta

          Cyprodinil

          Cyromazine

          Dacthal (Chlorthal-dimethyl)

          DDD, o,p’-

          DDD, p,p’-

          DDE, o,p’-

          DDE, p,p’-

          DDT, o,p’-

          DDT, p,p’-

          DEF (Tribufos)

          Demeton-S

          Demeton-S methyl

          Demeton-S methyl sulfone

          Desmedipham

          Diallate

          Diazinon

          Diazoxon

          Dicamba

          Dichlobenil

          Dichlofenthion

          Dichlofluanid

          Dichlorbenzamide

          Dichlorvos

          Diclobutrazol

          Diclofop-methyl

          Diclofop (acid)

          Dicloran

          Dicofol, o,p’/ p,p’-

          Dicrotophos

          Dieldrin

          Diethofencarb

          Diethyltoluamide (DEET)

          Difenoconazole

          Diflubenzuron

          Diflufenzopyr

          Dimethenamid

          Dimethoate

          Dimethomorph

          Diniconazole

          Dinocap

          Dinoseb

          Dinotefuran

          Dioxathion

          Diphenamid

          Diphenylamine

          Disulfoton

          Disulfoton sulfone

          Disulfoton sulfoxide

          Dithianon

          Diuron

          DNOC

          Edifenphos

          Endosulfan alpha

          Endosulfan beta

          Endosulfan sulfate

          Endrin

          Endrin aldehyde

          EPN

          EPTC (Eptam)

          Esfenvalerate/Fenvalerate

          Etaconazole

          Ethalfluralin

          Ethiofencarb

          Ethion

          Ethirimol

          Ethofumesate

          Ethoprophos

          Ethoxyquin

          Etofenprox

          Etoxazole

          Etridiazole

          Etrimfos

          Famoxadone

          Famphur

          Fenamidone

          Fenamiphos

          Fenamiphos sulfone

          Fenamiphos sulfoxide

          Fenarimol

          Fenbuconazole

          Fenbutatin oxide

          Fenchlorphos

          Fenhexamid

          Fenitrothion

          Fenobucarb

          Fenoxycarb

          Fenpropathrin

          Fenpyroximate

          Fenson

          Fensulfothion

          Fenthion

          Fenuron

          Fipronil

          Flonicamid

          Fluazifop

          Fluazinam

          Fluchloralin

          Flucythrinate

          Fludioxonil

          Flufenacet

          Flumioxazin

          Fluopicolide

          Fluopyram

          Fluoxastrobin

          Flupyradifurone

          Fluridone

          Fluroxypyr

          Flusilazol

          Fluthiacet Methyl

          Flutolanil

          Flutriafol

          Fluvalinate

          Fluxapyroxad

          Folpet

          Fomesafen

          Fonofos

          Foramsulfuron

          Forchlorfenuron

          Formetanate

          Furathiocarb

          Halosulfuron-methyl

          Haloxyfop

          Heptachlor

          Heptenophos

          Hexachlorobenzene

          Hexaconazole

          Hexazinone

          Hexythiazox

          Hydroprene

          Imazalil

          Imazamox

          Imazapic

          Imazapyr

          Imazaquin

          Imazethaphyr

          Imidacloprid

          Imidoxone

          Indaziflam

          Indoxacarb

          Iprobenfos

          Iprodione

          Isazophos

          Isobenzan

          Isocarbophos

          Isodrin

          Isofenphos

          Isofenphos-methyl

          Isofenphos OA

          Isoprocarb

          Isopropalin

          Isoprothiolane

          Isoproturon

          Isoxaben

          Isoxaflutole

          Jasmolin

          Kresoxim-methyl

          Lactofen

          Lenacil

          Lindane (gamma BHC)

          Linuron

          Malaoxon

          Malathion

          Mandipropamid

          MCPA/MCPB

          Mecarbam

          Mecoprop (MCPP)

          Mepanipyrim

          Mesosulfuron methyl0.

          Mesotrione

          Metalaxyl / Mefenoxim

          Metconazole

          Methacrifos

          Methamidophos

          Methidathion

          Methiocarb

          Methiocarb sulfone

          Methiocarb sulfoxide

          Methomyl

          Methoxychlor

          Methoxyfenozide

          Metobromuron

          Metolachlor

          Metolcarb

          Metribuzin

          Metsulfuron-methyl

          Mevinphos

          MGK 264

          Mirex

          Molinate

          Monocrotophos

          Monolinuron

          Myclobutanil

          Naled

          Napropamide

          Neburon

          Nicosulfuron

          Nitrapyrin

          Nitrofen

          Norflurazon

          Novaluron

          Nuarimol

          Omethoate

          O-Phenylphenol

          Oryzalin

          Oxadiazon

          Oxadixyl

          Oxamyl

          Oxamyl-oxime

          Oxychlordane

          Oxydemeton-Methyl

          Oxyfluorfen

          Oxythioquinox

          Paclobutrazol

          Paraoxon (Paraoxon-ethyl)

          Paraoxon methyl

          Parathion ethyl

          Parathion methyl

          Penconazole

          Pendimethalin

          Penflufen

          Pentachloroaniline

          Pentachlorobenzene (PCB)

          Pentachlorophenol

          Pentachlorothioanisole (PCTA)

          Penthiopyrad

          Permethrin

          Perthane

          Phenmedipham

          Phenothrin

          Phenthoate

          Phorate

          Phorate OA

          Phorate Sulfone

          Phorate Sulfoxide

          Phosalone

          Phosmet

          Pyroxsulam

          Quinalphos

          Quinclorac

          Quinoxyfen

          Quintozene (PCNB)

          Quizalofop

          Resmethrin

          Rimsulfuron

          Rotenone

          S421

          Saflufenacil

          Sebuthylazine

          Sethoxydim

          Simazine

          Simetryn

          Spinetoram

          Spinosad (Spinosyn A, D)

          Spirodiclofen

          Spiromesifen

          Spirotetramat

          Spirotetramat enol

          Spiroxamine

          Sulfallate

          Sulfentrazone

          Sulfometuron-methyl

          Sulfosulfuron

          Sulfotep

          Sulfoxaflor

          Sulprofos

          tau-Fluvalinate

          Tebuconazole

          Tebufenozide

          Tebuthiuron

          Tecnazene

          Tefluthrin

          Tembotrione

          Terbacil

          Terbufos

          Terbufos sulfone

          Terbufos sulfoxide

          Terbuthylazine

          Terbutryn

          Tetrachlorvinphos

          Tetraconazole

          Tetradifon

          Tetramethrin

          Tetrasul

          Thiabendazole

          Thiabendazole, 5-hydroxy

          Thiacloprid

          Thiamethoxam

          Thifensulfuron-methyl

          Thiobencarb

          Thiodicarb

          Thiometon

          Thionazin

          Thiophanate-methyl

          Tolclofos-methyl

          Tolfenpyrad

          Tolylfluanid

          Topramezone

          Tralkoxydim

          Triadimefon

          Triadimenol

          Triallate

          Triasulfuron

          Triazophos

          Tribenuron-methyl

          Triclopyr

          Trichlorfon

          Trifloxystrobin

          Trifloxysulfuron

          Triflumizole

          Trifluralin

          Triflusulfuron-methyl

          Triforin

          Triticonazole

          Vinclozolin

          Zoxamide

          More coming soon.

          Protection Plus in the garden’s soil

          I want to use Protection Plus to my garden’s soil but I have no way of mixing it in large quantities. What can I do?

          Great question! Let’s look at this. This will be an estimation since we don’t know how much water you will use per plant per watering.

          Add 1 teaspoon (5ml’s) Protection Plusto one gallon of water and mix. Apply an ounce or two to the soil’s surface around the plant’s root zone using a watering can or a pump-up sprayer. Do this for each plant. Now, water the plants with your garden hose. You can do this as often as you like. Have fun, spray some rows and not others to prove to yourself that it was worth the effort. We think you’re going to be blown away with the results! 

          Pro Grower Note:

          Can I use higher doses?

          Can you use higher doses of Protection Plus than the label recommends?

          We don’t recommend using more than 2-4 ounces per gallon of water.

          Generally speaking, you will kill almost all of the insects on the first spray because Protection Plus is a really good pesticide. However, it seems that no matter how well you cover the plant with spray, there will be some insects that found a way to hide and not get hit by the application. This is why we recommend treating every three days until you don’t see any more insects. Once you get close to a zero population, you can start your IPM (Integrated Pest Management) program, making applications every 7 -10 days. An IPM program using Protection Plus is very inexpensive in many ways. It’s inexpensive to apply and it keeps your produce consistently the same quality so your market share will not drop. Losing market share because of a pest attack is heartbreaking.

          Some elaborate grow facilities where street clothes are exchanged for sterile work clothes and great care has been taken to seal the enclosed environments can push their IPM applications of Protection Plus to every 14 days. I know what you’re thinking right now, with all of that extra care how could they only extend their IPM application by only 4 more days? Well, let us tell you, insects will find a way into your facility just like dirt finds it way through the best air filter. Do you know of an air filter that takes out 100% of the dirt? We don’t either.

          The Protection Plus label instructions are clear. You can make multiple applications on the same day if the infestation calls for it. In other words, if the plant is totally covered with Russet mites you can spray two times on the same day to make sure Protection Plus comes into contact with all of the insects. Follow the label instructions before doing multiple applications on the same day.

          Can I wash the leaves with Protection Plus to keep my plants from getting infested?

          Yes!

          Rinsing the plants weekly will keep most pests at bay. Dosage: 1-2 ounces Protection Plus™ per gallon of water. Use the lower dose first, if unsatisfactory, use the higher dose. This should be done regularly. Here is a question that many ask. How do you keep the plants from getting infested with mites? Answer: Never allow the mites to get to the infestation stage. This means you need to make the plant an undesirable place to live and thrive by continually spraying them with Protection Plus™. Protection Plusis very affordable, it should be part of your success story.

          Can Protection Plus be used in a hydroponic system to kill insects in the growing media?

          Yes.

          1. If possible, isolate one plant and test it before treating the entire crop. This will tell you how sensitive the plant is and whether you should increase the dose or reduce it.
          2. Root drenches should be done after the plant’s media has had a clear water flush and the plants are fully hydrated.
          3. Root drenches should take place for 10 minutes, then rinse with water.
          4. Dosage is 2 ounces of Protection Plusper gallon of water.
          5. Second or third applications should only be done if needed.
          6. Note: Some growers have seen the benefit of applying water to the leaves to help keep the plant’s roots from drawing in the Protection Plus.
          Should Protection Plus be applied to buds or blooms?

          Yes and No.

          1. Protection Plus™ is very kind to plants. However, no liquid, including water should be sprayed on a bud or bloom unless it is necessary. Just the minerals alone in water can alter the taste, smell, and looks of a bud or bloom.
          2. If it is necessary to apply Protection Plus™ because of a pest infestation that could kill all the plants, it would be better to spray the buds than not to spray.
          3. Protection Plus™ should be applied to a bud/bloom and then tested for any adverse problem associated with the application. This would include taste, smell, and visual problems before applying to the whole crop.
          4. Use the least amount needed to get the job done.
          Should I water the plants before using Protection Plus?

          Yes and No

          YES:

          1. If the plants are potted, it is always a good idea to hydrate them before spraying any type or brand of pesticides. Dehydrated plants will bring in the pesticide through the leaves to hydrate themselves and this is where things can get problematic. Sometimes dehydrated plants can take in a pesticide without injury, sometimes they can’t.
          2. Water potted plants and wait for 30-60 minutes for them to fully hydrate before applying any brand or type of pesticide.
          3. Here’s your tip. Plants can get dehydrated because the fertilizer levels in the soil are too high. High levels of fertilizer keep the roots from bringing in water, but at the same time, the mineral uptake still takes place. This causes the water to fertilizer ratio to go out of balance within the plant. This can cause leaf curl; tip burns, leaf droop, and pest infestation. Flush the plants growing medium of excess salts before you apply Protection Plus™.

          NO:

          1. It is always best to apply pesticides after a good watering to the soil. Field-grown plants with roots penetrating deep into the ground or are automatically watered do not need to be watered but watering first certainly wouldn’t hurt.  Generally speaking, field-grown plants that have a root system that reaches a constant source of water helps them be fully hydrated. When in doubt, water the plants. 
          Do I need to adjust the pH of Protection Plus after I ad 1-ounce to one-quart of water?

          No, and maybe.

          1. For insect treatment, we see no reason to raise the pH.
          2. For leaf treatments for powdery mildew and mold, adding a pH adjuster formulated with potassium may be beneficial. We say this because some growers have done this and said it helped. Some said it didn’t. EPM has not done lab testing to determine either way.
          3. Should you wish to raise the pH of the ready to use spray, try it on one plant before and observe before treating the whole crop.
          Will Protection Plus kill insects right away?

          It all depends.

          Independent research lab results.

          Kill % first application:

          Russet mites 98% Kill

          Aphids 98% Kill 

          Whitefly 100% Kill

          Thrips 90% Kill

          Spider mites 89% Kill

          1. Adolescent mites (Russet, Broad, Spider, Etc.) and most adult pests will die quickly. Having said that, insects that have not been coated properly with Protection Plus may live up to 24 hours before death or not die at all.
          2. Using a good stereo microscope, you can see the pests dying right in front of your eyes.
          3. Aphids never seem to move once they have been in contact with Protection Plus. This may appear like they are still alive but upon closer inspection, they are dead and can be brushed from the leaf.
          4. Mealybugs are very hard to kill but Protection Pluskills them quickly once it has penetrated their webbing.
          How do I use Protection Plus with predatory insects?

          Protection Plus is a great choice to use as a knockout treatment for infestations before releasing predatory mites, aphids, etc. You want to kill the pests and their young before releasing the predatory insects. This method will cost you less money in the long-run and give you a better chance of a successful predatory insect population. Once Protection Plus has dried it will not harm the predatory insects.

          1. Always apply Protection Plusand wait for it to dry before releasing predatory insects. It’s also a good idea to make sure most of the adult pests, their larvae and eggs are dead before releasing predatory insects.
          2. We recommend using Protection Plusat standard strength once every 7-10 days between the release of predatory insects. Discontinue the use of Protection Plusonce you have released the predatory insects.
          3. Predatory insects are great for protecting gardens if predatory numbers are high in number, however, the cost of introducing enough predatory insects to stop an infestation before the plants are beyond help ends up being quite expensive. Spray the plants with Protection Plus, release the predatory insects after 80-100% of the pests are dead.
          How did I get powdery mildew and what can I do about it?

          Powdery Mildew, bud rot, and bacterial contamination happen when growing areas have:

          1. High Humidity on plant surfaces: High humidity occurs when your lighting goes OFF and temperatures drop (Dew Point).
          2. Leaves touching: Plants were grown too close together without sufficient air-flow through them to dry the leaves and stems.
          3. Leaf sprays that do not dry completely: Using a leaf spray that does not dry quickly adds humidity and moisture to the leaf surface allowing mildew to thrive.
          4. You must sanitize all spray equipment before and after using them! This sanitization procedure is an absolute must!!!
          5. You could be applying powdery mildew to your plants without knowing it. Do not leave leaf spray products in the sprayer. Leaf spray products will lose their ability to control bacteria and fungus over time. Make a batch to spray, spray it and clean the sprayer the same day.
          Can I rinse Protection Plus OFF after spraying?

          Yes. You can rinse it off after you have determined the infestation is under control. It is much easier to rinse off than oil and detergent based pesticides. You will never taste or smell Protection Plus in your oils or on buds.

          Before spraying my potted plants with Protection Plus what do I do?

          Before you apply Protection Plus, flush the plant site well with water and wait 30-60 minutes. We recommend flushing until the run-off from the pot has the same electrical conductivity as the water you’re flushing with.

          Should I spray the plants before I bring them inside?

          Yes. What is the number one way insects get into your garden? You invite them in. Plants should be sprayed with Protection Plusbefore they are brought into any indoor or outdoor setting. If you don’t see any pests, we still suggest you quarantine them until you do not detect any pests, or their eggs for 10 days. Spray them with Protection Plus every 3 days while they are in quarantine.

          Is Protection Plus skin safe?

          All state and federal agencies are recommending that you cover up with protective clothing and proper equipment such as gloves, eyewear, and mask when you spray pesticides. As with any product, discontinue using the product if a rash occurs as you may be allergic to one or more of its ingredients. When used as directed, Protection Plus is fairly gentle to the skin but should be rinsed off after contact with the skin.

          Once I add the Protection Plus concentrate to water, how long will it last before it goes bad?

          Always spray the same day you make it.

          Should I use a wetting agent?

          No. We do not recommend a wetting agent as some wetting agents will make pesticides less effective. 

          Should I spray when the lights are OFF or when they're ON?

          This issue is debatable. We have seen no harm spraying when the lights were ON, as long as HID lighting is not too close to the plants. Fluorescent and LED lighting can be fairly close to the plants without ill effects. Spray one part of a plant and watch for possible indications of problems before spraying the entire crop.

          What kind of sprayer do you recommend?

          We suggest whole-house paint sprayers with an orifice designed for spraying lacquer paint.

          Will Protection Plus make my plants smell terrible like other pesticides?

          No

          Is Protection Plus safe around pets?

          Yes. We have seen no ill effects on pets while spraying or after spraying.

          My plants used to grow slowly when I used my old pesticide, but with your product, they don’t. Why is that?

          Good observation! And, YES, you are correct. Oil-based pesticides will slow plant growth. Why? Since oil and water don’t mix well, the oil needs to have a heavy-duty detergent or soap added to it so that it will be soluble in water. When the combination of oil and detergent/soap is sprayed on the leaves and dries, it clogs the stomata and blocks light to the chloroplasts. You’ll be glad to know that Protection Plus will not reduce plant growth like oil and detergent-based pesticides can.

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          eco friendly fungicide kills adult pests

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          Ecosystem Friendly

          Why did EPM call its pesticide ProtectionPlus™? Simple. It delivers protection from pests, Plus it’s kind to the environment. Learn why we think it is ecosystem friendly by reading the Pesticide FAQ section, viewing customer pictures, and reading related articles.

          Low-Cost Pest Management

          Broad mites, Russet mites, Aphids, and other pests mount a relentless attack on agriculture. EPM has formulated ProtectionPlus™ to be an ultra-effective high-quality pesticide that is very economical for use in on-going commercial Integrated Pest Management programs or backyard gardens.

          Insecticides & Fungicides

          EPM’s pesticide called ProtectionPlus is an insecticide and a fungicide. This advanced formula allows insects and powdery mildew to be killed on the plant while at the same time it cleans unwanted slimy fungus and bacteria away from roots, soils, growing mediums, tanks, pipes, and other equipment. All performed while the plants are growing! 3 products in 1, Great idea, Super savings!!

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